In 1967, the Summer of Love quickly gave way to the winter of student discontent, and the advent of more fully confrontational student politics at NYU. The preeminent student organizations were CEWV and the Voice Party, the latter group heavily influence by both the International Socialist party and the Free Speech Movement at Berkeley. These organizations began to target the university’s links with the military, as manifested in defense department contracts, on-campus recruitment by war-related industry, cooperation with the Selective Service, and ROTC programs.